'Entry forbidden - Law number 26834 - Law number 28736 - Zone of restricted access owing to the presence of indigenous peoples living in isolation'. Sign in the Manu National Park, Peru. Photo: oarranzli via Flickr (CC BY-ND).
Amazon: rainforest road threatens Peru's last isolated tribes
1st December 2016
Peru's Congress may soon approve a road through remote rainforest which is home to the country's last uncontacted tribes. The link to the Inter-Oceanic highway would open the area up to land grabs, wood cutting and gold mining, and expose vulnerable indigenous people to diseases to which they have no immunity.
We flatly reject this road. We indigenous people won't benefit from it, only the loggers, miners, oil companies and narcotraffickers. It threatens the lives of our isolated relatives. It will destroy our animals and plants.
A new 'death road' is set to cut in two the land of several uncontacted tribes in the heartland of the 'Amazon Uncontacted Frontier', a wide crescent of rainforest along the border between Peru and Acre, Brazil.
The road was rejected by Peru's Congress in 2012. Despite this, work continued illegally for many years, and now the project has been proposed again by Congressman Carlos Tubino.
The road, which would run through 270 km of the Amazon's most biodiverse and sensitive protected areas, is expected to be approved by Peru's Congress soon. There are estimated to be around 15 uncontacted peoples in Peru, many of them in the region where the road will be built.
Survival International has lodged a complaint with the United Nations, citing the catastrophic impact on the uncontacted Indians and urging the Peruvian government to veto the plan. Of the 3-4,000 people in the area, around 80% are indigenous. Most of them are opposed to the road.
Emilio Montes, president of the indigenous organization FECONAPU, which is based in Puerto Esperanza said: "We flatly reject this road. We indigenous people won't benefit from it, only the loggers, miners, oil companies and narcotraffickers. It threatens the lives of our isolated relatives, like the Mashco Piro. It will destroy our animals and plants.
"They should, instead, respect our ancestral territories. We've always lived here, and our children must carry on doing so. We need another type of development which looks after our resources sustainably: so that we can live properly, and secure our future."
Linking precious area to Brazil to Brazil-Peru highway
The road will connect Puerto Esperanza to the Inter-Oceanic Highway, which runs through Peru and Brazil. The area is part of the Amazon Uncontacted Frontier, the region along the Peru-Brazil border with the highest concentration of uncontacted tribes in the world.
Uncontacted peoples who could be wiped out if the road is built include the Mashco Piro, Chitonahua, Mastanahua and Sapanawa, who have all lived nomadically in the region for generations. Outsiders such as missionaries and loggers have forced several groups to make contact in recent years.
Elsewhere in the Amazon, road 'development' projects have allowed an influx of colonists to access remote areas and threaten the lives and lands of uncontacted peoples. Six indigenous organizations in Peru have made a statement of mutual solidaity and defence.
In it they state their determination to "reject all types of threats that threaten the rights of the indigenous people of the Yurua basin and the Territorial Corridor of Isolated Peoples, including transport project, roads and others, the presence of illegal wood cutters, drug traffickers, etc."
Survival's Director Stephen Corry said: "If this road goes ahead, it will destroy the uncontacted tribes, and their "development" will be terminated for ever. Survival has fought roads in this part of Amazonia for decades. Who are they supposed to help? If Peru has any respect for fundamental human rights and the rule of law, it must stop these plans now."
The right to remain uncontacted is the right to survive
The project has been supported for years by a notorious Italian Catholic priest, Father Miguel Piovesan, who has described the local tribal peoples as "prehistoric", and slammed international NGOs for raising concerns about the plan.
Fr. Piovesan has repeatedly denied the existence of uncontacted peoples. His parish newsletter stated that: "Isolation is not a natural wish. We can't prove that isolated people exist. They are dreamt up by those who barely know indigenous people, or base their investigations on unproven theories."
However uncontacted Indians have clearly expressed their desire to remain uncontacted, adds Corry. The project cannot be carried out with their consent and will violate their right to determine their own futures:
"We know very little about uncontacted tribes. But we do know there are more than a hundred around the world. And we know whole populations are being wiped out by genocidal violence from outsiders who steal their land and resources, and by diseases like flu and measles to which they have no resistance.
"Uncontacted tribes are not backward and primitive relics of a remote past. They are our contemporaries and a vitally important part of humankind's diversity. Where their rights are respected, they continue to thrive.
"All uncontacted tribal peoples face catastrophe unless their land is protected. We at Survival International are doing everything we can to secure their land for them, and to give them the chance to determine their own futures."
Oliver Tickell is contributing editor at The Ecologist.
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