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Little bee eaters on the Okovango River,  Botswana. Photo: amattox mattox via Flickr.
Little bee eaters on the Okovango River, Botswana. Photo: amattox mattox via Flickr.
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Okovango Delta is 1,000th World Heritage Site

The Ecologist

23rd June 2014

Botswana's Okavango Delta, one of the most iconic natural areas on the planet, has been listed as 1,000th World Heritage site today. The decision follows the advice of IUCN, UNESCO's advisory body on nature.

It harbours 24 species of globally-threatened birds and is key to the survival of Botswana's 130,000 elephants - the largest population of the species in the world.

Situated in north-western Botswana, the Okavango Delta is a vast fan-shaped plain of permanent swamps and seasonally-flooded grassland.

It spans an area roughly twice the size of Qatar - the host country of this year's World Heritage Committee meeting.

"The Okavango Delta has been a conservation priority for more than 30 years and we are delighted that it has finally gained the prestigious status it deserves", says Tim Badman, Director of IUCN's World Heritage Programme.

"Its ecological and biological importance as well as its exceptional natural beauty make it a prime example of what World Heritage stands for."

A haven for endangered species

The delta sustains the populations of some of the most threatened large mammals such as the Cheetah, the White and Black Rhinoceros, the Wild Dog and the Lion.

It harbours 24 species of globally-threatened birds and is key to the survival of Botswana's 130,000 elephants - the largest population of the species in the world.

Its extraordinary annual flooding, which occurs in the dry season, supports one of the greatest concentrations of wildlife in Africa.

"The Okavango Delta has long been considered one of the biggest gaps on the World Heritage list and IUCN is proud to have been able to provide support to this nomination", says Julia Marton-Lefèvre, IUCN Director General.

"We congratulate Botswana's authorities on their extraordinary commitment to make this historic listing a reality."

Supported by the indigenous peoples of the Delta

Okavango supports the lives of thousands of people by providing freshwater, food, building materials, medicinal plants and employment through the tourism industry.

The proposal for World Heritage listing was strongly backed by the indigenous peoples living in and around the delta, who have conserved the area for millennia.

"The Okavango Delta is an extraordinary and iconic wilderness area," says Cyril Kormos, Vice Chair of World Heritage for IUCN's World Commission on Protected Areas

"The good stewardship of the site by local communities over thousands of years truly exemplifies the close links between nature and culture. The delta has recently faced threats including from extractive industries and World Heritage listing will hopefully help keep these challenges at bay."

The listing was announced at the 38th World Heritage Committee meeting taking place in Doha, Qatar.

 

 

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